At The Contact Lens Institute of Nevada we can help you manage myopia so that you or a loved one can see life clearly. We offer a variety of myopia treatment options, which can improve vision and slow the progression of myopia in children.

What Is Myopia?

Myopia, also referred to as nearsightedness, is a vision condition that causes objects at a distance to appear blurry and out of focus. Objects nearer to the individual are typically clear. It is possible to have myopia in addition to other vision conditions.

 

Myopia is caused by the eye growing too long from front to back, which causes incoming light to focus in front of the retina rather than on it, where it should be. Myopia can also be caused by excessive corneal curvature or a lens within the eye that is too thick.

Typically, this condition develops during childhood when the eyeball is going through periods of rapid growth. It may continue to progress quickly until early adulthood where the eye tends to stabilize, and the condition progresses more slowly. Childhood myopia is usually diagnosed between the ages of 5 and 7.

Prevalence of Myopia

Unfortunately, myopia is not only common but also growing in prevalence. Currently, it is estimated that as much as 25% of the world (1.5 billion people) are considered myopic, and that number is expected to grow to 50% by 2050.

Although several factors may be contributing to this growing number, researchers and eye doctors agree that a major factor is eye fatigue from the increasing amount of close-up work we do, including using computers, phones, and tablets, reading, and studying. Additionally, less time spent outdoors may also contribute to the increasing diagnosis of myopia in patients. Essentially, we are spending more time looking at objects closer to our faces and less time allowing our eyes to focus on those far away.

How to Manage Myopia

Myopia management involves a series of treatments where our team works to slow down the progression of myopia.

Primarily, this treatment works to change the structure of the eye by reducing stress and fatigue, which are significant factors in the development and progression of myopia.

We understand that every patient is different and offer several different treatment options that are customized to you and your unique needs.

Myopia management treatments may include:

  • Atropine eye drops
  • Multifocal contact lenses
  • Orthokeratology (also known as ortho-k)

Atropine eye drops have the ability to slow myopia, without significant mydriasis and cycloplegia. It is available at a low dosage through a compounding pharmacy.

Soft multifocal contact lenses will slow the progression of nearsightedness and provide an effective treatment option. Children that wear multifocal lenses notice 25% percent less myopia progression and 31% percent less elongation than those wearing single-vision lenses over a period of two years.

Orthokeratology, also known as Ortho-K, involves the use of specially designed rigid contact lenses that work to temporarily reshape the contour of the cornea and reduce myopia. During the treatment, you will need to wear gas permeable contact lenses at night only, which will result in better vision during the day without the corrective lenses.

Caring For Your Lenses

With both multifocal and Ortho-K lenses, proper use and management are important. Improper care of your lenses and solution can increase your risk of infection and eye damage.

Follow your doctor’s instructions to minimize risk and protect your vision.

  • Always wash your hands and thoroughly dry them before handling your lenses
  • Remember to remove your lenses before going to sleep
  • Routinely clean and replace your lens case to prevent bacterial contamination.
  • Inspect your lenses regularly for scratches, chips, or cracks
  • Clean your lenses after wear with the appropriate cleaning solution

How to Insert Your Lenses:

Using clean hands, fill the bowls of the lens with the suggested solution. With your non-dominant hand, hold your eyelid open and using your dominant hand move the lens to the center of your eye. Once you feel the solution against your eye, press the lens into your eye and let go, the lens will adhere to your eye. Blink several times to help the lens find the correct position.

For scleral lenses, patients may also use a plunger tool to help them insert their lenses. To use the plunger method, lightly grip the plunger over the center of the lens before filling the bowl of the lens with solution. Hold your eyelids open and move the plunger towards your eye, when you feel the lens touch lightly squeeze the plunger to release the lens. Blink several times to help the lens find the correct position.

How to Remove Your Lenses:

After washing and drying your hands, use your index finger to press your lower eyelid into your eye below the lens, this will help to break the suction between the lens and your eye. Pull your lower eyelid down until you can see the lower edge of the lens, use the plunger to hold the lower part of the lens. When you feel suction, gently pull the lens up to avoid scratching your eye.

Our doctors carefully monitor each patient on myopia management and each case is reviewed every 6-12 months to ensure progress and efficacy in treatment. We are proud to offer this evidence-based treatment that works to prevent the onset or reduce the progression of nearsightedness in our patients. Our dedicated team prides itself on staying at the forefront of eye care advancements so you can feel confident choosing us for your treatment.

For more information on myopia and our treatment options or to schedule an appointment, contact our office today.